Here’s How CBP is Changing its Management of Forced Labor with New Technology

6 min Read
Suzanne Richer
août 3, 2022 | Updated: septembre 12, 2023

Whether through the 21st Century Customs framework and legislative mandates or the use of new technologies, modernization is the theme in the fight against terrorism and an advanced move towards compliant trade. One of the major recent issues in US imports has been the congressionally mandated clamping down by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) on the shipment of products made with forced labor, which has created a compliance dilemma for many importers, particularly for products from China.

The newest twist on CBP’s forced labor compliance program involves products from the Xinjiang province in China. The Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act, in effect since June 21, 2022, prohibits the importation of products made, in whole or in part, from forced labor within the Xinjiang region of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).

Passed in December of 2021, the Act has caught many importers unprepared to meet the challenge of sourcing products and to provide sufficient evidence to CBP to prove their products from China are not manufactured wholly or in part with the use of forced labor. The greatest test for CBP will be to track and trace the origin of products from this region upon arrival at any US port of entry. Through their modernization efforts, CBP will have access to some of the most advanced technology to accomplish this task.

Remote Sensing

The Xinjiang region is estimated to grow 84% of all Chinese cotton and China is exporting cotton products to over 120 countries, including Malaysia and Vietnam. Tracking that production and export and ensuring raw materials produced with forced labor and their downstream products do not find their way into the US will require new technologies for enforcement.

Enter remote sensing, which provides for the scanning of the earth via satellite or high-flying aircraft to provide intelligence information and imagery. The resulting high-resolution satellite data, often used in peacetime to monitor activity by enemy forces, may now be adapted to provide digital traceability of raw materials and their origin, including crops such as cotton, which are used in apparel and textile industries.

Remote sensing technology will support CBP’s initiative to trace these raw and the corresponding downstream products produced from them to prevent their eventual export to the US. Long term, CBP will have the ability to identify the individual inputs to global supply chains.

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning

Gaining greater access to data earlier in the supply chain is a must for CBP to identify products obtained from forced labor in global supply chain networks. The volume of data points makes it difficult to fully identify bad actors and problematic shipments.

CBP’s initiative to use AI and machine learning provides an advanced capability in business intelligence.  Using data from multiple commercial-data sources, CBP will have greater visibility into supply chain networks and the production of goods from raw materials to semi-finished or finished goods.

Complimentary to this effort will be technology that can scan, translate, and provide data extraction of non-text-searchable documents. Aligned with AI technology, CBP will be able to sort through billions of data points, analyze patterns, and more accurately predict the downstream use of raw materials made through forced labor and the networks through which these goods flow.

Mapping of Global supply chains, screening, and advanced search engines

CBP and its interagency task force are focused on identifying companies sourcing from Xinjiang, and companies exporting Xinjiang products from the PRC to other countries. These forementioned technologies combined with advanced search engines are intended to identify suspected forced labor violators and link them to their partners’ extended global supply chains.

This visibility may allow the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) to list the names of forced labor violators on future entity screening lists published on the BIS website. Additional detection of shell companies and layered ownership relationships may enhance CBP’s ability to share information with the public, enabling US importers to more easily identify when to restructure their supply chain partners.

The modernization of CBP is advancing in new and different ways to meet the challenges of the 21st century and beyond. The global effort to eradicate forced labor in international supply chains has been an ongoing program for many years. CBP is leading the way in this initiative and setting standards, that hopefully, will become commonplace in the global market to allow all persons to work freely without suffering duress in the 21st century and beyond.

To Learn More, you can download our Trading Partner Management data sheet.

 

Latest

juin 7, 2024

Charting Course Through Trade Compliance and ESG Waves in 2024

When I wrote about the global trade trends taking shape at the beginning of the year, I couldn’t have anticipated the extent and impact of how the trade compliance landscape would unfold. A lot has happened in the past six months, with cross-border trade dynamics significantly influenced by a complex interplay of reciprocal sanctions, the ongoing US-China trade war, stringent enforcement against forced labor, and evolving environmental regulations.

Read More
mai 24, 2024

Employee Spotlight: Max Ankirchner

E2open is powered by a strong global network of problem solvers and innovators driven by strong values and our company culture. Together, we are focused on doing what’s right in business and in our communities. Every month, we will shine a spotlight on an exceptional team member who is helping us transform the supply chain industry. This month, we held a Q&A with Max Ankirchner, Staff Solutions Architect at e2open.

Read More
mai 23, 2024

Grilling Season: How Logistics Visibility Helps the Food and Beverage Industry Deliver

Summer is right around the corner, and that means weekends and holidays filled with social activities. A trio of federal holidays in the U.S. (Memorial Day, Independence Day, and Labor Day) allows us to host or attend parties with our friends and family. Parents pile the kids into the car to take road trips, invite people over for cookouts in the warm weather, or head to a nearby beach or campground with coolers in hand. Maybe more so than any other season, it seems like summer is the time for food and beverages to be the stars of the show.

Read More
Inscrivez-vous pour recevoir les mises à jour d'e2open

E2open Subscription Center

Vous désirez en savoir plus? Restez au courant des dernières actualités d'e2open : nouvelles concernant l'entreprise, articles de thought leadership et bien d’autres informations!

Remplissez ce formulaire pour vous abonner aux mises à jour d'e2open.

Êtes-vous prêt à renforcer les capacités de votre chaîne d’approvisionnement ? Let's get started.

Let's Get Started